Anomalous (non-ordinary) experiences

This project aimes at investigating the characteristics of so-called anomalous, non-ordinary or exceptional experiences in non-pathological mental conditions, e.g. spiritual, spontaneous out-of-body experiences, visions of disincarnate beings or deceased persons, premonitions, etc. 
In particular, we are interested in the relationship of these experiences with the quality and the meaning of life.

Within this project we are investigating the specific neurophenomenological characteristics of out-of-body experiences and channeling experiences induced by hypnotic suggestions.

Furthermore, we also study the cognitive and interactive characteristics of the Self in this particular state.

See this video:

Within this project we also have the collaboration with the Gruppo di Ricerca Italiano sulla Medianità.


Research papers:

Pederzoli, L., De Stefano, E., & Tressoldi, P. E. (2019). Hypno-Death-Experiences: death experiences during hypnotic regressionsDeath Studies,

Facco, E., Mendozzi, L., Bona, A., Motta, A., Garegnani, M., Costantini, I., ... & Lipari, S. (2019). Dissociative identity as a continuum from healthy mind to psychiatric disorders: epistemological and neurophenomenological implications approached through hypnosisMedical Hypotheses, 109274.

Facco, E., Casiglia, E., Khafaji, B. E. A., Finatti, F., Duma, G. M., Mento, G., … Tressoldi, P. (2019). Neurophenomenology of Out-of-Body experiences induced by hypnotic suggestionsInternational Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 67(1): 39–68. DOI:

Facco, E., Lucangeli, D., & Tressoldi, P. E. (2018). Dr. AM. A Rare Case of a Modern Mystic? Implications for Psychology and Medicine. Spirituality in Clinical Practice,

Pederzoli, L., Giroldini, W., Duma, G. M., Mento, G., Prati, E., & Tressoldi, P. E. (2016). Out-of-Body Experience Induced by Hypnotic Induction: A Neurophenomenological Study.

Tressoldi, P. E., Pederzoli, L., Caini, P., Ferrini, A., Melloni, S., Prati, E., ... & Trabucco, A. (2015). Hypnotically Induced Out-of-Body Experience: How Many Bodies Are There? Unexpected Discoveries About the Subtle Body and Psychic Body. SAGE Open, 5(4), 2158244015615919.

De Foe, A.,Al Khafaji, B.E.,, Pederzoli, L., Prati, E. and Tressoldi, P. E., Out-of-Body-Experiences: A Phenomenological Comparison of Different Causes (January 23, 2017). Available at SSRN:

Tressoldi, P. E., Pederzoli, L., Caini, P., Ferrini, A., Melloni, S., Richeldi, D., ... & Trabucco, A. (2014). Out of body experience induced by hypnotic suggestion: Phenomenology and perceptual characteristics.

Facco E, Agrillo C, Greyson B. Epistemological implications of near-death experiences and other non-ordinary mental expressions: Moving beyond the concept of altered state of consciousness. Med Hypotheses 2015 Jul;85(1):85-93

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  The relationship between subjective first-person qualia with their psycho-neural correlates

With this project, we aim at investigating which mind-brain metaphysical approach best explains the relationship between the subjective first-person experiences (qualia) with their psycho-neural correlates.


Research papers:

Facco, E., Al Kafaji, B.E. and Tressoldi, P. (2019). In search of the True Self. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology,

NewTestoni, I., Facco, E., & Perelda, F. (2017). Toward a new eternalist paradigm for afterlife studies: The case of the near-death experiences argument. World Futures, 1-15

Tressoldi, P., Facco, E., & Lucangeli, D. (2016). Emergence of Qualia from Brain Activity or from an Interaction of Proto-Consciousness with the Brain: Which One Is the Weirder? Available Evidence and a Research Agenda. ScienceOpen Research DOI: 10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-SOCSCI.AY054B.v1

Facco, E., Lucangeli, D. and Tressoldi, P.E. (2017). On the Science of Consciousness: epistemological reflections and clinical implications. Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing.

Tressoldi, P., Facco, E. and Lucangeli, D. (2017). On the primacy and irreducible nature of first-person versus third-person information. F1000Research 2017, 6:99 (doi: 10.12688/f1000research.10752.1)


  Nonlocal properties of the human mind

This project aims at investigating the perceptual and interactional spatial and temporal nonlocal quantum-like characteristics of the human mind. We define as nonlocal, all phenomena that violate the space and time constraints of sensory organs.
In particular, we are interested in the theoretical and empirical comparison of these mental phenomena with those observed in quantum physics.

Research papers:

Tressoldi, P., Pederzoli, L., Prati, E. & Semenzato, L. (2020). Mind Control of a Distant Electronic Device: A Proof-of-Concept Pre-Registered Study. Journal of Scientific Exploration, 34, 2, 231–243.

Bilucaglia M, Pederzoli L, Giroldini W et al. (2019). EEG correlation at a distance: A re-analysis of two studies using a machine learning approach [version 2; peer review: 2 approved]. F1000Research , 8:43

Pederzoli, L., Giroldini, W., Prati, E., & Tressoldi, P. E. (2017). The Physics of Mind-Matter Interaction at a Distance. NeuroQuantology, 15, 3:114-119

Tressoldi, P. E., Maier, M. A., Buechner, V. L., & Khrennikov, A. (2015). A macroscopic violation of no-signaling in time inequalities? How to test temporal entanglement with behavioral observables. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 1061

Walach, H., Tressoldi, P., & Pederzoli, L. (2016). Mental, behavioural and physiological nonlocal correlations within the Generalized Quantum Theory framework. Axiomathes, 26(3), 313-328.

Giroldini, W., Pederzoli, L., Bilucaglia, M., Caini, P., Ferrini, A., Melloni, S., ... & Tressoldi, P. (2015). EEG correlates of social interaction at distance. F1000Research, 4:457 (doi: 10.12688/f1000research.6755.5)

Tressoldi, P., Pederzoli, L., Matteoli, M., Prati, E., & Kruth, J. G. (2016). Can Our Minds Emit Light at 7300 km Distance? A Pre-Registered Confirmatory Experiment of Mental Entanglement with a Photomultiplier. NeuroQuantology, 14(3).

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  Psychophysiological and behavioural correlates of the anticipation of future random events

This project aims at identifying the psychophysiological and behavioural unconscious correlates of the anticipation of future random events and their relationship with conscious anticipation.
In particular, we aim to identify how to leverage this phenomenon for devising automatic Decision Support Systems for example for avoiding future negative events.
Funding: this project is funded by Padova University grant n. CPDA157388

Research papers:

Bem, D., Tressoldi, P., Rabeyron, T., & Duggan, M. (2015). Feeling the future: A meta-analysis of 90 experiments on the anomalous anticipation of random future events. F1000Research, 4:1188 (doi: 10.12688/f1000research.7177.2)

Duggan M., and Tressoldi P. (2018). Predictive physiological anticipatory activity preceding seemingly unpredictable stimuli: An update of Mossbridge et al’s meta-analysis [version 2; referees: 2 approved]. F1000Research., 7:407 (doi: 10.12688/f1000research.14330.2)

Duma, G. M., Mento, G., Manari, T., Martinelli, M., & Tressoldi, P. E. (2017). Driving with Intuition: A Preregistered Study About the EEG Anticipation of Simulated Random Car Accidents. PLoS One, 12 (1): e0170370. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0170370

Mossbridge, J., Tressoldi, P. E., & Utts, J. (2012). Predictive physiological anticipation preceding seemingly unpredictable stimuli: a meta-analysis. Frontiers in Psychology, 3, 390.


  Practical applications of mental nonlocal perceptual and interactive characteristics

With this project, we aim at investigating all possible practical applications of the nonlocal perceptual and interaction characteristics of human mind.


a) As far as it concerns the capacity to obtain  information at distance, we aim to develop automatic detection of information exchanged between pair of participants, by analysing their EEG activity.


Research papers:

-Bilucaglia M, Pederzoli L, Giroldini W et al. (2019). EEG correlation at a distance: A re-analysis of two studies using a machine learning approach [version 2; peer review: 2 approved]. F1000Research , 8:43

-Tressoldi PE, Pederzoli L, Bilucaglia M et al. (2014). Brain-to-Brain (mind-to-mind) interaction at distance: a confirmatory study [version 3; referees: 1 approved, 1 not approved]. F1000Research , 3:182 (doi: 10.12688/f1000research.4336.3)

-Giroldini W, Pederzoli L, Bilucaglia M et al. (2016). EEG correlates of social interaction at distance [version 5; referees: 2 approved]. F1000Research, 4:457 (doi: 10.12688/f1000research.6755.5)

-Giroldini, W., Pederzoli, L., Bilucaglia, M., Prati, E., & Tressoldi, P. (2018, May 14). Exploring the Brain-to-Brain interaction at a distance: a global or differential relationship?.


b) In order to exploit the nonlocal interaction with electronic apparatuses, we are devising technical devices that may be triggered mentally at distance.


See these the working papers:

-Tressoldi, P., Pederzoli, L., Prati, E., & Semenzato, L. (2019, May 30). Mind control at distance of an electronic device: a proof-of-concept preregistered study.

-Tressoldi, P. E., Martinelli, M., Torre, J., Zanette, S. and Duma, GM. (2015). CardioAlert: A Heart Rate Based Decision Support System for Improving Choices Related to Negative or Positive Future Events (June 29, 2015). Available at

-Tressoldi, P. E., Pederzoli, L., & Melloni, S. (2015). Mindswitch: A First Prototype of a New Generation of Mind-Controlled Technologies. Available at


See also these videos: