Action Video Games Training in Children with Developmental Dyslexia: A Meta-Analysis

Longitudinal research and meta-analyses have revealed a causal relationship between attentional dysfunctions and developmental dyslexia (DD). We conducted a meta-analysis to assess the effects of action video game (AVG) training on visual attention in children with DD. Pubmed, Cochrane, Science Report, EBSCO Database, Scopus, ProQuest Dissertation and Theses, and IEEE Explore were consulted. Only quantitative studies with assessments of pre- and post-treatment reading skills, written in English, and with an active control group were included. The risk of bias was assessed using the RoB2 and ROBINS-I assessment methods. Nine investigations utilizing AVGs in 238 children (ages 5-15) with DD were chosen from a total of 2073 records. The Hedge's g results show that AVGs training affects both visual attention and reading-related functions. A bigger sample size, as well as follow-up assessments and neurobiological research, are required to confirm AVG's long-term effects in DD.

Link: International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction